Articles (Peer-Reviewed)


Brexit, Birmingham, belonging and home: the experience of secondary migrant Somali families and the dirty work of boundary maintenance. Journal of Safer Communities (with Ö. Ögtem-Young)

National Action: links between the far right, extremism and terrorism. Academic Papers, Commission for Countering Extremism. London: Home Office.

The Football Lads Alliance and Democratic Football Lad’s Alliance: an insight into the dynamism and diversification of Britain’s counter-jihad movement. Social Movement Studies (Vol.18, No.5: 639-646).

Counter-Extremism, PREVENT and the Extreme Right Wing: Lessons Learned and Future Challenges. LIAS Working Paper Series, 2 (with A. Isakjee & Ö. Ögtem-Young).


Hasskriminalität in Großbritannien in Wissen schafft Demokratie (No.2018/4: 84-93).

Ideological Islamophobia: Conception and Function, ‘Normative Truths’ and ‘New Reality’ in Muslim Perspectives (Vol.2, No.2: 2-19)

Cameron, Conservatives and a Christian Britain: A Critical Exploration of Political Discourses about Religion in the Contemporary United Kingdom in Societies (Vol.8, No.5: 1-15).


Islamophobia and the Problematization of Mosques: A Critical Exploration of Hate Crimes and the Symbolic Function of “Old” and “New” Mosques in the United Kingdom in Journal of Muslim Minority Affairs (Vol.37, No.3: 294-308).

Stop, Question, and Frisk: A Response via the UK’s PREVENT Programme in Criminology, Criminal Justice, Law & Society (Vol.18, No.3: 65-9).

Political Approaches to Tackling Islamophobia: An ‘Insider/Outsider’ Analysis of the British Coalition Government’s Approach between 2010–15 in Social Sciences (Vol.6, No.3: 2-19).

Proscribing National Action: Considering the Impact of Banning the British Far-Right Group in Political Quarterly (Vol.5, No.4: 652-9).

Controversy: Is Prevent Harming Universities? 2041905817702738in Political Insight (Vol.8, No.1: 38-9).


Resistir a la invasión musulmana in Afkar (No.50) – download


Britishness and Muslim-ness: differentiation, demarcation and discrimination in political discourse in Identity papers: a journal of British and Irish studies, (Vol.1, No.2: 1-12) – download

‘People hate you because of the way you dress’: Understanding the invisible experiences of veiled British Muslim women victims of Islamophobia in International Review of Victimology (Vol. 21, No. 3: 287-301).

Controversy, Islam and Politics: an exploration of the “Innocence of Muslims” affair through the eyes of British Muslim elites in Ethnic & Racial Studies (Vol. 38, No. 11: 1852-1867).


A Critical Analysis of Britain’s Living, Dead and Zombie Multiculturalism: From 7/7 to the London 2012 Olympic Games in Social Sciences (Vol. 4, No. 1: 18-33).

Britain First: The ‘Frontline Resistance’ to the Islamification of Britain in Political Quarterly (Vol. 85, No. 3, July–September 2014: 345-61).

Exploring the Impact of Islamophobia on Visible Muslim Women Victims: A British Case Study in Journal of Muslims in Europe (Vol 3, 2014: 137-159).

New Labour’s policies to influence and challenge Islam in contemporary Britain: A case study on the National Muslim Women’s Advisory Group’s Theology Project in Social Sciences Directory (Vol.3, no.1)

‘Anti-Social Networking: Findings From a Pilot Study on Opposing Dudley Mosque Using Facebook Groups as Both Site and Method for Research’ in SAGE Open (Vol.1, no.4)


‘‘A catastrophic lack of inquisitiveness’: a critical study of the impact and narrative of the Project Champion surveillance project in Birmingham’ in Ethnicities (Vol.13, no.6) (with A. Isakjee)

‘Between critical and uncritical understandings: a case study analyzing the claims of Islamophobia made in the context of the proposed ‘super-mosque’ in Dudley, England’ in Societies (Vol 3, no. 2, pp.186-203).

‘Passing the dinner table test retrospective and prospective approaches to tackling Islamophobia in Britain’ in SAGE Open (Vol 3, no.2).

‘Between political fad and political empowerment: a critical evaluation of the National Muslim Women’s Advisory Group (NMWAG) and governmental processes of engaging Muslim women’ in Sociological Research Online (17/3/2012, 17) (with S Guru).

‘One size doesn’t fit all: considerations on the teaching of Islamophobia as an academic subject’ in Perspectives: teaching Islamic Studies in higher education (Issue 3/ November 2011).

‘“We don’t do God”: a critical retrospective of New Labour’s approaches to ‘religion or belief’ and ‘faith’’ in Journal of Culture & Religion (Vol 12/ Issue 3, 2011).

‘Opposing Islamification or promoting Islamophobia? Understanding the English Defence League’ in Patterns of Prejudice (vol. 45, no. 4, October 2011).

‘Contemporary Islamophobia before 9/11: a brief history’ in Arches (vol 4/edition 7, winter 2011).

‘Fear and loathing: the political discourse in relation to Muslims and Islam in the contemporary British setting’ in Politics & Religion (Vol IV no.2 Autumn 2010).

‘Down with multiculturalism, book-burning and fatwas’: the death of multiculturalism and its implications for Muslims in Journal for Culture and Religion (2007, no.2, vol 8).

‘The death of multiculturalism: blaming and shaming British Muslims’ in Durham Journal of Anthropology (issue 1, volume 14 Spring 2007).

‘(Muslim) Boyz-n-the-Hood’ in International Institute for the Study of Islam in the Modern World Review (no.18) Leiden: ISIM, 2006.


‘Faith literacy’ – entrepreneurship in religious studies’ in British Association for the Study of Religions Bulletin (no.104, March 2005). Wolverhampton: BASR, 2005 (with D. Burke & D. Holingshead).

‘Entrepreneurial consultancies in religious studies’ in Discourse: learning and teaching in philosophical and religious studies (Vol.4, no.2 Spring 2005). Leeds: Subject Centre for Philosophical and Religious Studies at the Higher Education Academy, 2005 (with D. Burke).

Justifying Islamophobia: a post-9/11 consideration of the European Union and British contexts in American Journal of Islamic Social Sciences (no.3, volume 21, Summer 2004) Denver: AMSS & IIIT, 2004.


The impact of the Runnymede Trust on Islamophobia in the UK in Boce: revue romande des sciences humaines, (6 April-June 2003). Geneva: University of Geneva, pp.51-68.

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